Advanced Google Search Operators for 2024

Google Search Operators

Quick Summary:

Google Search Operators restrict your searches and provide reliable results.

  • Exact Match Searches: Enter search phrases in quote marks (“”) for exact match results.
  • Exclude Words: Enter the word you wish to exclude from search results with a hyphen (-).
  • Exclude Exact-Match Phrases: Enter your search word in quotations (“”), followed by a hyphen (-), and type the phrase to exclude.
  • OR: This command tells Google to show results for either keyword before and after OR.
  • Customize OR Command: First insert one search term in quotation marks (“”) before the OR command, then enter the following phrase.
  • Wildcard: An asterisk (*) between the search word shows variations and generates additional content suggestions. Command: search*term.
  • Include Words (+): Find results using several phrases using plus.
  • AROUND (): Search for sentence phrases near each other with AROUND.
  • Specific Site Search: “Search term” returns site-specific results.
  • Search Related Sites: See sites linked to a website you know using linked: site name.
  • Cached Versions: The cache: site name syntax shows when Google indexed a web page’s most recent cached version.
  • Specific Domain Type: Use site:domain type to find domain-specific search results.
  • Range of Numbers: Use two periods (..) between starting and finishing numbers for number range searches.
  • Page Titles: Use intitle:keyword to filter page title results by keyword.
  • Phrases in Page Title: Using the allintitle: phrase command, you can get results that have a particular phase included in the page title.
  • Keyword in Page Content: To locate any page that has the specified keyword anywhere in the content, use the intext:search term command.
  • Phrases in Page Content: Use the command allintext:phrase to find pages that include phrases anywhere in the text body.
  • Keyword in the Anchor Text: You can look for a specific keyword in the anchor text by using the anchor:keyword command.
  • Keyword in the URL: When searching within the URL, use the inurl:keyword command to locate a term.
  • Content by a Specific Author: Use the allinpostauthor:name command to construct a shortlist of the writing produced by your favorite author.
  • Location: Utilize the location operator’s loc:name to do efficient local searches.
  • Unsecured Pages: Use the -inurl: https command to find pages on a website that might be dangerous.
  • Definition: Use the define: search term command to find out what a keyword means.
  • File Types: Use the search operator to get search results based on the type of file. Filetype: indicate the format of the file.

Google search operators: the complete list

An overview of the tasks performed by each Google search operator is provided below.

They fit into three categories that I’ve created:

  • Working: Works as intended.
  • Unreliable: Although Google hasn’t formally deprecated it, the results are inconsistent.
  • Not working: Officially deprecated by Google.

Here’s the full list:


Search operatorWhat it doesExample
“ ”Search for results that mention a word or phrase.“steve jobs”
ORSearch for results related to X or Y. jobs OR gates
|Same as OR:jobs | gates
ANDSearch for results related to X and Y. jobs AND gates
-Search for results that don’t mention a word or -apple
*Wildcard matching any word or phrase.steve * apple 
( )Group multiple searches.(ipad OR iphone) apple
define:Search for the definition of a word or phrase. define:entrepreneur
cache:Find the most recent cache of a
filetype:Search for particular types of files (e.g., PDF).apple filetype:pdf
ext: Same as filetype:apple ext:pdf
site:Search for results from a particular
related:Search for sites related to a given
intitle:Search for pages with a particular word in the title tag.intitle:apple
allintitle:Search for pages with multiple words in the title tag. allintitle:apple iphone
inurl:Search for pages with a particular word in the URL. inurl:apple
allinurl:Search for pages with multiple words in the URL. allinurl:apple iphone
intext:Search for pages with a particular word in their content.intext:apple iphone
allintext:Search for pages with multiple words in their content.allintext:apple iphone
weather:Search for the weather in a location. weather:san francisco
stocks:Search for stock information for a ticker.stocks:aapl
map:Force Google to show map valley
movie:Search for information about a jobs
inConvert one unit to another.$329 in GBP
source:Search for results from a particular source in Google source:the_verge
before:Search for results from before a particular before:2007-06-29
after:Search for results from after a particular after:2007-06-29

Another option is to use Google Autocomplete’s wildcard function, the _ operator.


Search operatorWhat it doesExample
#..#Search within a range of numbers. iphone case $50..$60
inanchor:Search for pages with backlinks containing specific anchor text. inanchor:apple
allinanchor:Search for pages with backlinks containing multiple words in their anchor text. allinanchor:apple iphone
AROUND(X)Search for pages with two words or phrases within X words of one another. apple AROUND(4) iphone
loc:Find results from a given area.loc:”san francisco” apple
location:Find news from a certain location in Google News.location:”san francisco” apple
daterange:Search for results from a particular date range. daterange:11278-13278

Not working (officially dropped by Google)

Search operatorWhat it doesExample
~Include synonyms in the search. Dropped in 2013.~apple
"+"Search for results mentioning an exact word or phrase. Dropped in +apple
inpostauthor:Search for posts by a specific author in the discontinued Google Blog Search.inpostauthor:”steve jobs”
allinpostauthor:Same as inpostauthor:, but removes the need for quotes.allinpostauthor:steve jobs
inposttitle:Search for posts with certain words in the title in Google’s discontinued Blog Search.inposttitle:apple iphone
link:Search for pages linking to a particular domain or URL. Dropped in
info:Search for information about a specific page or website. Dropped in
id:Same as
phonebook:Search for someone’s phone number. Dropped in 2010.phonebook:tim cook
#Search for hashtags on Google+. Dropped in 2019 when Google+ shut down.#apple
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